First Amendment

Niehaus v. Huppenthal (Ariz. App. Ct., Div. One)

Establishment Clause - prohibition on public funding of religious institutions: Whether Arizona's tuition-tax credit program violates the state costitutional provisions mandating separation of church and state and prohibiting the use of public funds to aid religious institutions, such as schools. Filed October 31, 2012  By Francisco Negron

Morgan v. Swanson (5th Cir.)

First Amendment:  Establishment Clause and Free Speech Clause—qualified immunity for school officials making decisions that require reconciling free speech and government endorsement of religion concerns. Filed March 16, 2011. By Christopher Gilbert

Johnson v. Poway Unified School District (9th Cir.)

First Amendment:   Employee free speech—authority of school district to regulate teacher classroom expression.  Filed July 23, 2010. By Thomas Hutton 

C.H. v. Heyward (4th Cir.)

First Amendment:  Student free speech—Authority of school district to regulate wearing of apparel displaying Confederate flag.  Filed June 1, 2010.By Francisco Negron

Blue Mountain Sch. Dist. v. J.S./Hermitage Sch. Dist. v. Layshock (U.S. Sup. Ct. - Petition Brief)

First Amendment: Student speech - does Tinker and/or Fraser apply to offcampus, online student speech - school officials authority to regulate, restrict such speech without offending student's free speech rights. Filed November 2, 2011 By Francisco Negron

CREATING & CONNECTING // Research and Guidelines on Online Social — and Educational — Networking

The study was comprised of three surveys: an online survey of 1,277 nine to seventeen year-old students, an online survey of 1,039 parents and telephone interviews with 250 school district leaders who make decisions on Internet policy.

ED Response to NSBA GC's Letter to ED on OCR Bullying Guidelines

ED's March 2011 letter to NSBA GC Francisco Negron responding to NSBA December 2010 letter to ED on OCR bullying guidelines

State Anti-Bullying Statutes - Definitions

2/16/2012 - This chart compares the definition of "bullying" in state anti-bullying laws. Note that some laws include "harassment" and/or "intimidation" as part of the definition of "bullying," while others separate the concepts.


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