School Law

Montgomery County Public Schools/Bill Mills:

Find Out the Latest in School Law

Our School Law Issues pages provide resources, news, and court decisions on a range of legal issues for public schools.

Equity and Discrimination

Education law issues involving age, disability, race, ethnic origin, gender, and homeless status. Read more


Major employment laws affecting schools. Read more


Legal and practical issues related to local school board control and how school boards operate. Read more

Special Education and Disabilities

Understand and comply with federal laws such as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Read more

Privatization and Choice

Legal issues involving various reform measures, including public school choice, charter schools, privatization, vouchers, and alternative schools. Read more

Student Rights and Discipline

The challenges school districts face in balancing students' First, Fourth, and Fifth Amendment rights with their educational mission to maintain a safe non-disruptive learning environment. Read more


Title IX, gender equity, student-athlete drug testing and codes of conduct, school district liability for sports-related injuries, and disabled students participation in interscholastic sports. Read more


Issues involving state and federal standards, teacher and student classroom speech, religious rights, and controversies over instruction, textbooks, and classroom and library materials. Read more


School property issues including public land, facilities, and equipment, and control of property, purchasing procedure, eminent domain, and buildings and construction. Read more

Health and Nutrition

Resources on nutrition for student and employee health issues such as insurance, confidentiality of health records, health-related services, drugs, contagious diseases, and accommodations for health conditions. Read more

Legal System

Complying with constitutional, statutory, regulatory, and judicial legal requirements at the federal, state, and local levels. Read more


Public schools issues related to the role of religion in the classroom, including First Amendment, Establishment, Free Exercise, and Free Speech clause issues. Read more

School Safety

Issues concerning student safety, school violence, student rights, harassment, and bullying. Read more

Student Achievement

Legal information on standardized tests, high-stakes testing, and academic honors. Read more


Legal issues related to Internet, email, video, and other emerging technology. Read more

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