These tips for school board members grew out of a similar list I created for NSBA to help provide orientation for new state association executive directors. I have worked for the New York State School Boards Association and the Connecticut Association of Boards of Education for nearly 40 years. This list is useful for new board members. It also can serve as a good reminder for those of us who have been doing this work for much longer.

  1. Put your students’ needs first. Be true to your district’s mission.
  2. Drop your party affiliation at the boardroom door.
  3. Remember that you represent ALL the children in the district, not just those whose parents voted for you.
  4. Know your roles and responsibilities.
  5. Know the superintendent’s roles and responsibilities.
  6. Communicate often and honestly with other members of the board and the superintendent. One-to-one conversations are best for building relationships.
  7. Learn about what drives other board members and the superintendent to develop strong bonds between the members of your leadership team.
  8. Be the advocate your students and district need you to be.
  9. Inspire others.
  10. Strengthen your board’s image. Conduct yourself with respect and civility. Help build a professional culture. You are a role model.
  11. Let others shine, whether other board members or staff. Dale Carnegie told us, “A person’s name is to that person, the sweetest and most important sound in any language.” Almost everyone likes to see their names in print in a positive way, too.
  12. Speak your piece, but actively listen to others speak theirs.
  13. When confronted by a mistake, whether by a board member or someone else, generally assume incompetence rather than malfeasance. Your first reaction should be to give them the benefit of the doubt.
  14. Never criticize others in public.
  15. Pick your battles. Often others just want to vent and will feel validated by your listening.
  16. Apologize when you know you should.
  17. Be aware of your own implicit biases. We all have them.
  18. Remember that, as a board member, you have no other power than other citizens, except when at the board table.
  19. Do not try to solve every problem you hear about. Explaining that there is a chain of command should be your mantra.
  20. Follow the money. Your budget is your most important policy document.
  21. Hone and use your emotional intelligence. Walking in someone else’s shoes can give you a completely different perspective.
  22. Keep and use your sense of humor to defuse situations. Try not to take yourself too seriously.
  23. Take time for yourself and your family. You need to recharge, too. And, lastly...
  24. Focus on the big picture with optimism and think long-term. Although this may be difficult in light of your current concerns, strong leaders are optimistic and build their legacies one step at a time.

Robert Rader ( is executive director of the Connecticut Association of Boards of Education, Wethersfield, Connecticut.

Around NSBA

the NSBA logo and text "State of the Association"

2020 State of the Association

Full of challenge and change, 2020 was like no other year. NSBA's State of the Association provides a snapshot of the association's advocacy and member services work as well as our ongoing transformation.