Technology and Systemic Change
"Boards of education need to recognize that technology integration is as much about change as it is about technology. How board members feel about change and their attitudes about peoples ability to change or not change are crucial." (NSBA's, Leadership and Technology). This section will identify reasons for the integration of technology.
Ninety percent of the technology that you will be using in 2000 has not been invented yet or you dont have access to it yet.
|What is Technology?|
A broader definition of technology is used to mean a tool or instrument which helps us to organize and accomplish specific tasks and goals. Old technologies in school include: learning spaces, learning schedules, learning frameworks (subject areas), learning assessments.
For technology to serve the purposes of change, it must be tied to a coherent, school-wide instructional agenda. Barbara Means, Kerry Olson, Ram Singh (article in Kappan, September 1995; SRI Report for OERI, April 1993)
|Why Integrate Technology in Our Schools?|
For education professionals computer networking creates a professional bond between teachers and administrators, ends isolation.
For students a new system of knowledge will enhance collaborative learning; alternative assessment; and individualized learning.
|Does research verify the need for technology and systemic change?|
" we need to recognize that it is one thing to use technology in isolated classrooms and quite another to make technology a potent force in transforming an entire school or an entire education system." (page 70)
" our case studies suggest that the deciding factor in successful implementations of technology is the creation of a coherent schoolwide approach to using technology in the core curricula for all students." (page 70)
Case study findings identify the need for:
"We recommend that schools interested in technology begin by thinking about education reform - articulating their activities around the needs of students and a set of instructional principles. From there, careful consideration can be given to the contribution that technology can make." (page 72)
The above-referenced quotes are from article in Kappan, September 1995)
"Teachers who are familiar and comfortable with technology tools are stimulated to think about challenging tasks that mimic authentic uses of the technologies in nonschool settings. Such tasks transcend the boundaries of specific academic disciplines, class periods, or even school years. The complexity of the activity invites working in heterogeneous collaborative groups and defies attempts to measure that has been learned through traditional multiple-choice tests." (SRI Report, pages 2-3)
"The successful transformation of student learning and accomplishment in the next decade requires effectively bringing together three agendas - an emerging consensus about learning and teaching, well-integrated uses of technology, and restructuring." Howard Mehlinger, "School Reform in the Information Age" (Kappan, February 1996)
"Good technology planning does not stop with the submission of the first plan, many participants agreed. Planning should be an ongoing process that involves evaluating current technology programs, keeping abreast of new applications, assessing new needs, and modifying plans accordingly."
|How can we assess implementations in technology?|
|How can we promote change?|
In a Department of Education educational forum of 1995, 400 educators, parents, interested community members, and business leaders, established the following roles of technology in promoting change.
Promotion plays an important role, but technology alone will not result in the kind and degree of change necessary. Keep in mind that it helps to:
In the educational forum, the following elements of success were also identified:
|Systemic change seems overwhelming. How can we possibly keep track of all of this?|
Information and communication technologies can help. According to the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, "Part of the problem [with prior change efforts] is that we have not used information and technology to support policy development as an integrated part of a systems approach to solve the complex issues facing both society and our education system."
Barbara Means and Kerry Olson "Supporting School Reform with Educational Technology" SRI International April 1993 outlines a student-centered approach to systemic change which emphasizes the role that technology plays as a crucial tool to making such change possible.
Take a look at the following resources to get more answers to this question:
Richard E. Clark, "Reconsidering Research on Learning from Media" http://www.educom.edu/program/nlii/articles/clark.html
Expert Learning Communities research Program at Brigham Young University Technology and change in Education
In this section:
|Technology and Society||Technology and Education||Technology Uses in Education|
In the Toolkit:
|Toolkit Home Page||Why Change?||Why Technology?|
|Planning||Policy||Curriculum and Assessment|
|Community Involvement||Facility Planning||Funding|
|Prof'l and Ldrship Development|