team is a group organized to work together to accomplish
a set of objectives that cannot be achieved effectively
- A key to successful planning and implementation is the
development of teams. The table below provides a
description of three types of teams and their relative
advantages and disadvantages:
- Small teams of 3-8
- All district managers
- No constituent or stakeholder involvement
Advantages: quick, focused, consensus among
leaders Disadvantages: isolated, no district-side
- Mid-size team of 15-20
- Representatives from each key stakeholder group
within the 'boundaries' of district staff
- Advantages: key representatives are
involved, sense of district-wide ownership
- Disadvantages: representatives can take
the narrow view, no community-side ownership
- Large team of 25-30
- Mix of district staff and community leaders
- Advantages: key district community leaders
involved, sense of community-wide ownership
- Disadvantages: slow process, everyone
needs to be heard, steep learning curve as
citizens become knowledgeable about issues and
Characteristics of a Team
- There must be an awareness of unity on the part of all
- There must be interpersonal relationship. Members must
have a chance to contribute, learn from and work with
- The member must have the ability to act together toward a
Ten characteristics of well-functioning teams:
- Purpose: Members proudly share a sense of why the team
exists and are invested in accomplishing its mission and
- Priorities: Members know what needs to be done next, by
whom, and by when to achieve team goals.
- Roles: Members know their roles in getting tasks done and
when to allow a more skillful member to do a certain
- Decisions: Authority and decision-making lines are
- Conflict: Conflict is dealt with openly and is considered
important to decision-making and personal growth.
- Personal traits: members feel their unique personalities
are appreciated and well utilized.
- Norms: Group norms for working together are set and seen
as standards for every one in the groups.
- Effectiveness: Members find team meetings efficient and
productive and look forward to this time together.
- Success: Members know clearly when the team has met with
success and share in this equally and proudly.
- Training: Opportunities for feedback and updating skills
are provided and taken advantage of by team members.
Guidelines for effective team membership:
- Contribute ideas and solutions
- Recognize and respect differences in others
- Value the ideas and contributions of others
- Listen and share information
- Ask questions and get clarification
- Participate fully and keep your commitments
- Be flexible and respect the partnership created by a team
-- strive for the "win-win"
- Have fun and care about the team and the outcomes.
Characteristics of a high-performance team:
- Participative leadership - creating an interdependence by
empowering, freeing up and serving others.
- Shared responsibility - establishing an environment in
which all team members feel responsibility as the manager
for the performance team.
- Aligned on purpose - having a sense of common purpose
about why the team exists and the function it serves.
- High communication - creating a climate of trust and
open, honest communication.
- Future focused - seeing change as an opportunity for
- Focused on task - keeping meetings and interactions
focused on results.
- Creative talents - applying individual talents and
- Rapid response - identifying and acting on opportunities.
Who is Part of Your Team and What Does The Team Do?
- Management Team (Superintendent and Administration) plus
Governance Team (School Board)
- Vision (Planning)
- School Board - creates, reviews and approves
- Administration - recommends process, develop and
plans (decides what), and implements plans
- Structure (policy)
- School Board - creates reviews and adopts
- Administration - recommends and implements
- Advocacy (communication)
- School Board - represents public interest, seeks
- Administration - acts in public interest, seeks
and provides public information
- Accountability (Evaluation)
- School Board - monitors progress toward goals,
evaluates the board standards and personnel in
- Administration - implements evaluation of